Studying distribution effect of co2 taxation on Iranian household expenditure- input- output approach

Document Type : Research Paper


alzahra university


The environmental crises, caused by the increased energy consumption and the increasing trend of pollutants emissions resulted from energy carrier’s combustion in the world, is recognized as one of the most important challenges faced by governments in the 21st century. The CO2 taxation is considered as one of the CO2 emission reduction policies in one hand and increases government income on the other hand. Implementation of this policy has distributive effects that can help policymakers measure it. The present study aimed to investigate the distributive effects of CO2 taxation on urban and rural households’ incomes, using the environmental input-output approach. Main data bases in this study are: 2011 input-output table of Static Centre of Iran that is aggregated to 12 sectors due to statistical constraints on sectoral energy consumption. The second data base is consumption of petroleum products of economic was obtained from energy balanced sheet 2011. Rural and urban expenditure and incomes’ households are collected from 2011 Static Centre of Iran, This results show that the distributional effect of the carbon tax on rural household is progressive but for urban households not.


Main Subjects

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