Banking Development, Social, Economic Structure and Income Inequality (Case Study of Iranian Provinces)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Economics, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran


In the present study, the effects of banking development, social, economic structure and income inequality in the provinces of the country during the period 1395-1385 and using the (GMM) and (2SLS) model were investigated. According to the results of model estimation; Unemployment and trade are positively related to income inequality. Also, the increase in GDP per capita improves the share of the total labor force working in agriculture, production and construction, and income distribution in the provinces of the country. However, the small coefficient of these variables indicates their partial effect on income distribution. The negative sign of the interruption of inequality in the distribution of provincial income also indicates an increase in income divergence between the northern and southern provinces. Under these circumstances, modern investment, growth and technology resources are concentrated in a few industrial provinces, and many central provinces, which do not share borders with other countries, are deprived of the growth process or participate in it marginally, which often contradicts It is in their interests. Increasing competition and the number of bank branches also improves income distribution, although the impact of increasing these two variables indicates the greater importance of the banking sector in using efficient technologies and increasing the number of bank branches to improve economic justice in the provinces. Therefore, more equitable growth and distribution of income should be in close interaction and relationship with each other, and therefore ("growth with redistribution") and "growth with more equality" should be on the agenda of the country's planners


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