Document Type : Research Paper
Ph.D. Candidate in Economics, University of Tabriz
Associate Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz
Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz
Professor of Economics, University of Tabriz
Food security has been a global problem and has attracted the attention of policy-maker and scientific circles. So, the purpose of this study is calculating food security in provinces and identifying variables that strengthen or stopping it. In this regard, first food security situation of the provinces of Iran during 2006-2013 are calculated with multi- sectoral index based on human development index. The result shows that on average provinces of Sistan and Baluchistan, Hormozgan and South Khorasan have worst food security situation and East Azerbaijan, Khorasan and Fars have the highest food security situation. Then examine the impact of economic factors on food security with Dynamic Panel Data method. The result suggests that economic growth index is a positive factor, urbanization and consumption price are negative factors in improving food security index. The result of Sensitivity analysis reinforces the same result.