The Effect of Productivity on Real Exchange Rate with ‎the Emphasis the Abundance of Skilled and Unskilled ‎Labor

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Economics, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman

2 Assistant Professor of Economics, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman

3 Professor of Economics, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman


This article develops the traditional two-part model in which uses labor and capital. That is, in this model, for production are used capital, skilled labor and unskilled labor. It is assumed; tradable sector for production use capital and skilled labor and non-tradable sector use capital and unskilled labor. The main objective of this article is investigation the effects of productivity on the real exchange rate index according to the abundance of skilled and unskilled labor. For this purpose, This article are used pooled data including Iran and trade partners of Iran in the period 2000-2015 using Fixed Effects (FE), Dynamic Ordinary Least Square (DOLS), Fully Modified Ordinary Least Square (FMOLS) and Pooled Mean Group (PMG) methods. The Estimated results show that the increase in productivity will lead to higher (lower) real exchange rate appreciation in countries that have the high abundance of (unskilled) skilled labor.


Main Subjects

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