Document Type : Research Paper
Ph.D. Candidate in Oil & Gas Economy, Allameh Tabatabai University
Associate Professor of Economics, Allameh Tabatabai University
Assistant Professor of Economics, Allameh Tabatabai University
In recent years, the reform of oil product prices has been on the agenda for enforcing subsidies targeting and moving towards real prices. Understanding the pricing behavior of these products prior to making any decision is very important, which can be considered as a prerequisite for many energy-related decisions. The present paper seeks to investigate the existence of a rocket-feather effect in oil product prices- high-speed and fast-moving like a rocket, in response to rising crude oil prices and slow down prices, like a feather, in response to decrease crude oil prices. In this paper, which uses a nonlinear autoregressive distributed lags (NARDL) model and monthly data for the period 2005 to 2016, the results indicate a long-term and short-run asymmetric as well as rocket-feather effect for each of the five products. Therefore, in view of the above, it seems that the choice of Persian Gulf fob prices is not a suitable criterion, and the government should proceed with a favorable review in the targeted subsidy law and other related upstream legislation.