نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد علوم اقتصادی دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان
2 استادیار اقتصاد دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان
عنوان مقاله [English]
The association between monetary policy and real economic variables has always been among the economist's major topics of discussion. Depending on the economic situation of Iran, Monetary authorities draw on monetary policy so that they are affected by real economic variables. As a means of monetary policy, interest rate and reserve requirements affect macroeconomic variables significantly. Considering the fact that unemployment, inflation and the lack of sustainable and desirable economic growth have been among the major economic problems of Iran over the past few years, this study uses the simultaneous equation system and adopts generalized method of moments (GMM), in order to analyze the effects of the selected macroeconomic variables of Iran (e.g. inflation, unemployment and economic growth) during the period 1983-2015. The results suggested that the increase in real interest rate is followed by lower GDP, inflation and unemployment, while the increase in reserve requirements results in lower inflation, but higher GDP.