تحلیل اثر تعاملی کیفیت نهادی و توسعه بخش بانکی بر رشد اقتصادی: کاربردی از شاخص ترکیبی مالی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای اقتصاد دانشگاه مازندران

2 دانشیار اقتصاد دانشگاه مازندران

3 استادیار اقتصاد دانشگاه مازندران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به تحلیل نقش و اثر تعاملی کیفیت نهادی و توسعه بخش بانکی بر رشد اقتصادی پرداخته برای این منظور نمونه‌ای از 24 کشور در حال توسعه با درآمد متوسط به بالا انتخاب و با استفاده از داده‌‌‌های مربوط به توسعه­ مالی و کیفیت نهادی این کشورها طی سال­‌های 1996 تا 2015، میانگین وزنی سه شاخص توسعه مالی از روش تجزیه به مؤلفه‏‌های اصلی محاسبه شده است. سپس ضریب متغیرهای مدل با بکارگیری تخمین‌زن گشتاورهای تعمیم یافته سیستمی (GMM-Sys) در قالب الگوی همگرایی شرطی مورد برآورد قرار گرفته است. نتایج نشان می­‌دهد که ارتقای کیفیت نهادی در کنار اثربخشی مثبت آن بر رشد اقتصادی، از اندازه تأثیر منفی توسعه بخش بانکی بر رشد اقتصادی می‌کاهد. در کشورهای صادرکننده نفت میزان اثرپذیری رشد اقتصادی از کیفیت نهادی در سطحی پایین‌­تر قرار دارد؛ به علاوه در این کشورها تاثیر توسعه مالی بر رشد اقتصادی با وضعیت نامطلوب­تری همراه است. در انتها نیز حدود آستانه‌ای برای کیفیت نهادی به منظور اثربخشی مثبت توسعه بخش بانکی بر رشد اقتصادی محاسبه گردیده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Interactive Effect of Institutional Quality and Banking Development on Economic Growth: The Applied of Financial Combined Indicator

نویسندگان [English]

  • Lida Gohari 1
  • Zahra Karimi Moughari 2
  • Shahryar Zaroki 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate in Economics, University of Mazandaran
2 Associate Professor of Economics, University of Mazandaran
3 Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Mazandaran
چکیده [English]

This paper considers the causes of the differences in economic growth by the interactive effect of institutional quality and the development of the banking sector. For this purpose, 24 upper middle-income countries were selected and their financial development and institutional quality for the period 1996 to 2015 were derived. The weighted average of three financial development indexes was calculated by the principal component analysis method. Then, GMM-Sys estimator, in the form of conditional convergence model, was used to calculate the interactive effect of institutional quality and financial development on economic growth. The results show that financial development has a negative effect on economic growth in selected countries, but the interactive effect of institutional quality and financial development decreases this negative effect; as institutional quality along with its positive effect on economic growth, reduces the negative impact of the banking sector development. Also, in oil exporting countries, the institutional quality has lower effect on economic growth; and financial development has more unfavorable impact on economic growth. Finally, to make a positive impact of financial development on economic growth, an effectiveness threshold of institutional quality is calculated.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Institutional Quality
  • Banking Development
  • Economic growth
  • GMM-Sys
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