نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد دانشگاه تبریز
2 دانشیار اقتصاد دانشگاه تبریز
3 استاد اقتصاد دانشگاه تبریز
عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study is to examine the response of charity to tax incentives using tax returns submitted by real individuals. Since governments use tax incentive policies to attract voluntary contributions from the private sector to reduce costs, in this study, it has been tried while addressing the concept of altruistic forgiveness and tax incentives, the altruistic forgiveness in the moral economy and the effect of tax incentives on it to be investigated by using panel data during the period of 2009-2016 in eight cities of Tabriz, Isfahan, Shiraz, Urmia, Mashhad, Ahvaz, Rasht and Arak. The results of the research confirm that there is a positive and significant relationship between the income of individuals, the giving cost and age with altruistic forgiveness; this means that by increasing the income of individuals, the giving cost and age, altruistic forgiveness increases. Since a large number of job-seekers are in the middle and lower income classes and in the current situation, this group pays more for charity than the high-income group, so the cost or the price of aid should be reduced to encourage this group. On the other hand, income elasticity is 0.85 and the elasticity of giving cost is 0.06 which reflects the coordination between income and price and its effect on altruistic forgiveness. In the following, the response of charity to tax incentives using tax elasticity indicates that there is a negative and significant relationship between the tax and altruistic forgiveness.